Should I Use WebListener or Kestrel or IIS on Windows?

Date Published: 24 May 2017

Should I Use WebListener or Kestrel or IIS on Windows?

Someone recently asked this question on GitHub, and I thought it was worth spreading this information more widely:

I’ve been doing some research to figure out the best option to self host ASP.NET Web Api on Windows. Some articles recommend using WebListener for client facing services and other state that Kestrel is faster and can be used behind an IIS proxy.

What is the better option?

I understand that Kestrel has the benefit of being cross-platform but I am only deploying on Windows and mainly concerned about performance.

The recommendation comes in two parts. Currently in 1.1, Kestrel is not supported as an edge server (meaning, deployed directly facing the internet, as opposed to being configured behind a reverse proxy like IIS or nginx). Dan Roth (Microsoft) writes:

We generally recommend using Kestrel behind IIS on Windows. However, Kestrel is not supported as an edge server in 1.1 (it will be in 2.0), so if you don’t want to use IIS then use WebListener. Kestrel by itself is generally faster than WebListener, but if you put Kestrel behind IIS it will be slower than plain WebListener as things currently stand.

Update: With the 2.0 release, Kestrel now supports edge deployments.

If you have any questions or your own experience to share with any of these approaches, feel free to leave them in the comments below.

Steve Smith

About Ardalis

Software Engineer

Steve is an experienced software architect and trainer, focusing currently on ASP.NET Core and Domain-Driven Design.


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